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Content about History

February 5, 2016

Not much attention has been paid by sociologists and anthropologists to the study of caste relationships in an urban setting. Most of the field studies about caste relationships have been confined to rural areas, the village being the unit of careful observation and study. No doubt, there are some urban studies of the problem, e.g., by Kuppuswamy, and by P. N. Prabhu.  But such studies have more often been concerned with eliciting attitudes and opinions than with directly observing and theoret­ically interpreting the processes of caste mobility.

December 14, 2015

Lal Bahadur Shastri (born 1904) succeeded Jawaharlal Nehru as Prime Minister of India in 1964. Though eclipsed by such stalwarts of the Congress party as Kamaraj (the Kingmaker) and Morarji Desai, Finance Minister in Nehru's government, Shastri emerged as the consensus candidate in the midst of party warfare.

December 14, 2015

Sardar Patel was one of Mohandas Gandhi’s closest associates, and he organized and led several satyagrahas during India’s struggle for freedom from British rule. When India achieved independence in 1947, Patel became Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister, and he presided over the most difficult task facing the nascent nation-state, namely the integration of over 500 princely states into the Indian Union.

July 1, 2014

Giambattista Vico is often credited with the invention of thephilosophy of history.

November 11, 2013

Claude Levi-Strauss has long been interested in the role of reciprocity, in the form of social exchange, in creating and main­taining bonds of affiliation in human societies (see, of course, Levi-Strauss 1969). In “The Bear and the Barber” he compares and contrasts two structural types usually assumed to be pro­foundly different from each other. The structural type denoted by the word “bear” in the title of the paper is labelled “totemic”: he considers it characteristic of classic Australian aboriginal groups, among others.

April 3, 2013

Many thanks to D. Samarender Reddy for providing us with these interesting links.  Please have a look at them.  You will enjoy them.

December 12, 2012


October 9, 2012

....the songs that I have sung

Echo in the distance
Like the sound
Of a windmill goin' 'round
I guess I'll always be
A soldier of fortune
”  - rockers Deep Purple in their 1974 hit song written by D.Coverdale and R.Blackmore use the phrase `soldier of fortune' here more in the sense of an adventurer than to refer to a mercenary.

July 25, 2012


February 28, 2012


Records left by early British observers describe several variants of a system of ‘slavery’that existed in the Malnad in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. The followingis a composite view of these sources.

February 28, 2012


February 12, 2012


January 21, 2012


Abū Rayḥān Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad Bīrūnī, often known as Alberonius in Latin, but also Al Beruni, Al Bayrooni or variants, (born 5 September 973 in Kath, Khwarezm (now in Uzbekistan, historically a part of Greater Iran), died 13 December 1048 in Ghazni (now in Afghanistan)) was a Persian Muslim scholar and polymath of the 11th century.

September 11, 2011

As is usually the case while dealing with thinkers from ancient India, some accounts could be contradicting while others and also some accounts may have crept in with the passage of time.  The reader is advised to keep this in mind while looking at this piece.


August 20, 2011


July 18, 2011


Feminism.  Is there just one or are they many?


We will begin by drawing our attention to the title of this essay which employs the plural to refer to feminism. Thus, at the beginning itself we seek to establish that there is no one history of feminism. Indeed, the unfolding of the history of feminism alerts us to the idea that women all over the world have very different experiences and realities to contend with. No one narration can presume to encapsulate the experience of all women all over the world. In other words a universal history of feminism is not possible nor is it desirable.


May 20, 2011

There is no universal agreement on who Chanakya was and what time of history he belonged to.  Readers are advised to use caution and discretion in understanding the material that is presented here.

Chanakya's Education