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Content about Lessons

June 12, 2016

Multiculturalism is a body of thought in political philosophy about the proper way to respond to cultural and religious diversity. Mere toleration of group differences is said to fall short of treating members of minority groups as equal citizens; recognition and positive accommodation of group differences are required through “group-differentiated rights,” a term coined by Will Kymlicka (1995).

June 12, 2016

Multiculturalism describes the existence, acceptance, or promotion of multiple cultural traditions within a single jurisdiction, usually considered in terms of the culture associated with an 

June 12, 2016

 ‘E Pluribus Unum’ – From many one.
That’s what’s stamped on the  American currency. It means that it acknowledges that it is a pluralistic society. Not so much a melting pot but a stew. A society in which minority groups maintain their independent cultural traditions and where no one minority imposes its views on the other.

April 24, 2016

Write up provided by Dr. D. Samarender Reddy

(Edited from an extensive discussion on the Advaitin List Dec. 2000 – Jan 2001. This was triggered by the following quotation from Swami Dayananda Saraswati:

February 5, 2016
December 21, 2015

Some of the arguments in this may seem to be inconsistent since the piece has more than one source and there are some arguments about Simone De Beauvoir which have been changed due to reading her differently. The reader is advised to keep a note of this while reading the piece.

There are some thinkers who are, from the very beginning, unambiguously identified as philosophers (e.g., Plato). There are others whose philosophical place is forever contested (e.g., Nietzsche); and there are those who have gradually won the right to be admitted into the philosophical fold. Simone de Beauvoir is one of these belatedly acknowledged philosophers.

December 14, 2015

Jean Paul Sartre was born in Paris where he spent most of his life.

December 14, 2015

Kate Millett, in full Katherine Murray Millett   (born Sept. 14, 1934, St.

December 14, 2015

Lal Bahadur Shastri (born 1904) succeeded Jawaharlal Nehru as Prime Minister of India in 1964. Though eclipsed by such stalwarts of the Congress party as Kamaraj (the Kingmaker) and Morarji Desai, Finance Minister in Nehru's government, Shastri emerged as the consensus candidate in the midst of party warfare.

December 14, 2015

Sardar Patel was one of Mohandas Gandhi’s closest associates, and he organized and led several satyagrahas during India’s struggle for freedom from British rule. When India achieved independence in 1947, Patel became Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister, and he presided over the most difficult task facing the nascent nation-state, namely the integration of over 500 princely states into the Indian Union.

January 30, 2015

Select shlokas translated into English from the Ashtavakra Gita which is supposed to an instruction to King Janaka from Sage Ashtavakra in the times of Ramayana in the Treta Yuga. This Gita is therefore considered to be older than the Bhagvad Gita which is instruction to Arjuna by Sri Krishna which happened in the times of the Mahabharatha which is in the subsequent Yuga; the Dwapara Yuga.
The present compilation is courtesy of Dr. D. Samarender Reddy.

A man of pure intellect realizes the Self even by instruction casually imparted. A man of impure intellect is bewildered in trying to realize the Self even after enquiring throughout his life.

July 1, 2014

Arthur Schopenhauer has been dubbed the artist’s philosopher on account of the inspiration his aesthetics has provided to artists of all stripes. He is also known as the philosopher of pessimism, as he articulated a worldview that challenges the value of existence. His elegant and muscular prose earn him a reputation as one the greatest German stylists.

July 1, 2014

Although not the first to coin the term, it is uncontroversial to suggest that the German philosopher, Edmund Husserl (1859-1938), is the “father” of the philosophical movement known as phenomenology.  Phenomenology can be roughly described as the sustained attempt to describe experiences (and the “things themselves”) without metaphysical and theoretical speculations.

July 1, 2014

Giambattista Vico is often credited with the invention of thephilosophy of history.

July 1, 2014

Born in 1908, Merleau-Ponty died in 1961 at the age of 53.

June 21, 2014

Martin Heidegger (1889–1976) was a German philosopher whose work is perhaps most readily associated with phenomenology and existentialism, although his thinking should be identified as part of such philosophical movements only with extreme care and qualification. His ideas have exerted a seminal influence on the development of contemporary European philosophy. They have also had an impact far beyond philosophy, for example in architectural theory, literary criticism, theology, psychotherapy and cognitive science.

June 19, 2014

Derrida was born on July 15, 1930 in El-Biar (a suburb of Algiers), Algeria, into a Sephardic Jewish family. As is well-known, Algeria at this time was a French colony. Because Derrida's writing concerns auto-bio-graphy (writing about one's life as a form of relation to oneself), many of his writings are auto-biographical.

May 2, 2014
April 29, 2014

 * Sudha Pai is Professor at the Centre for Political Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi and the Rector of the 

University. She was Senior Fellow at the Nehru Memorial Museum and Library, New Delhi from 2006-09. She is the author of 

Dalit Assertion (Oxford India Short Introductions, 2013); Developmental State and the Dalit Question in Madhya Pradesh: 

Congress Response (Routledge 2010); and Dalit Assertion and the Unfinished Democratic Revolution: the BSP in Uttar Pradesh 

(Sage 2002). She has edited/co-edited among others: Handbook on Politics in the Indian States: Regions, Political Parties and 

Economic Reforms (Oxford University Press, 2013); Interrogating Reorganization of States: Culture, Identity and Politics in 

Independent India (with Asha Sarangi, Routledge, 2011) and Political Process in Uttar Pradesh: Identity, Economic Reforms 

and Governance (Pearson/Longman 2007) 

All are cordially invited | Kindly join us for a cup of tea at 1030 a.m. in the Cafeteria |For further information on the speci

Abstract: Uttar Pradesh (UP) provides a useful site to examine the pattern of political competition in the forthcoming national 

elections 2014. It has always mirrored major transformative developments in the country: shift in the party system, rise of 

the Hindutva ideology, movements such as Mandal or the Dalit upsurge. Moreover, with regional and state parties becoming 

partners in national coalitions, the importance of key states such as UP has increased. Upto the 1980s UP was an excellent 

April 6, 2013


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April 6, 2013


April 6, 2013


December 12, 2012