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Content about Political Science

April 4, 2021

El Salvador’s recognition of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in August 2018 was the third such change in Latin America following the end of the informal truce that had restrained the PRC’s diplomatic competition with Taiwan between 2008 and 2016. This pivot also precipitated expressions of concern from Washington, whose reaction to prior changes in diplomatic posture by the Varela government in Panama (June 2017) and the Medina government in the Dominican Republic (May 2018) had been more muted.

April 4, 2021

On 9th of November, the Supreme Court of India has delivered the final judgement in the much awaited Ayodhya-Babri Masjid land dispute case. The order has wider implications on the culture, society, economy and polity. The citizens of the country by and large has welcomed and respected the top court’s verdict. The court’s judgement has succeeded in settling the inordinately delayed land dispute by providing the right of possession of land to one party over another.

April 4, 2021

China’s expanding presence and inuence in Latin America is now widely recognized by political and business leaders and security professionals. In the last two decades, the nation’s trade with the region has expanded 18-fold to $314 billion, while its companies have become important partners and suppliers for rms operating there and key owners and operators of the region’s oilelds, mines, ports, telecommunications and electricity grids.

August 5, 2016

This article was first published in EPW (Economic and Political Weekly) and was sent to me by a colleague who believes that this is an excellent article that needs greater visibility and so it has been put for circulation on Email. I thought this website also would get it visibility and since there is no money involved in any activity of the website I have taken the liberty of putting it up here.

Communal Violence in Muzaffarnagar Agrarian Transformation and Politics Jagpal Singh This paper is an integrated version of presentations made at the Centre for the Multi-level Federal Studies, Institute of Social Sciences, New Delhi in November 2013; Academic Committee’s Discussion Forum, School of Social Sciences, Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi in August 2014; and in Doon University in February 2015, Dehradun. I thank Balveer Arora, S V Reddy, Nandini and an anonymous referee for their helpful comments and suggestions.

August 5, 2016

Introduction Equality is one of the principles of democracy. The leftists’ belief in equality is the remarkable difference between Left and Right. From this viewpoint, it can be said that equality is not necessarily economic equality. So, democracy basically needs political equality and it has relation with its concept. In the line of the Left’s egalitarian view, the scope of the usage of justice or most of the social and political equalities have to be basically extended into socio-political relations among individuals, groups or nations too. Equality is a relative concept.

June 12, 2016

Multiculturalism is a body of thought in political philosophy about the proper way to respond to cultural and religious diversity. Mere toleration of group differences is said to fall short of treating members of minority groups as equal citizens; recognition and positive accommodation of group differences are required through “group-differentiated rights,” a term coined by Will Kymlicka (1995).

April 24, 2016

This article was first published by the author in 23 April, 2016

“What have they done to the earth? What have they done to our fair sister? Ravaged and plundered and ripped her and bit her. Stuck her with knives in the side of the dawn. And tied her with fences and dragged her down” ~ Jim Morrison

April 8, 2016

This article was first published by the author in The Indian Express and is reproduced here with the permission of the author.

We have a new entry in the iron laws of Indian politics list. It goes as follows. When political parties are in or close to power at the Centre, they see the merits of the strong-Centre model of federalism, and when they are away from the Centre, they can only see its limitations.

April 8, 2016

 Published by the author on LinkedIn on the 30th of March, 2016 and the Blog of Joel Barnes.

‘X percent of journal articles in the humanities are never cited.’ How often have we seen this claim made? Much like the fabled Eskimo words for snow, the clue that it’s probably bunkum lies in the fact that X varies wildly depending on who’s speaking. And in that it doesn’t really matter to the speaker what X is, as long as it’s a lot.

March 26, 2016


February 5, 2016

Maritime Piracy in the Gulf of Guinea: Drivers,
Strategic Interests and Responses
Herman Touo
Maritime piracy has re-emerged as a serious threat to peace and security,
notably following the significant increase in incidents and armed
robbery at sea that occurred largely in four main areas at the moment:
the Gulf of Aden, near Somalia and the southern entrance of the Red
Sea; the Indian sub-continent, particularly between India and Sri Lanka;

February 4, 2016


Empirical works on the dissenting
opinions of judges in the Supreme
Court are fairly limited. This may
be attributed to the uncertainty of methodology
in collecting data and producing
the most reliable results to understand
the pattern of judgment delivery
system in the Supreme Court. To overcome
this limitation, this article aims to
argue the case for an empirical study of
how judges exercise their legal acumen
to come to an independent conclusion
on disputes that affect the health of

December 21, 2015

This article was first published by Dr. Afroze Alam in the Statesman dated 21st of December. (The writer is Associate Professor of Political Science, Maulana Azad National Urdu University, Hyderabad. He can be reached at

Surprisingly, the Supreme Court has upheld the validity of Haryana’s initiative of compulsory “educational qualification” to contest the elections of local bodies.

December 14, 2015

Kate Millett, in full Katherine Murray Millett   (born Sept. 14, 1934, St.

November 25, 2015

Dr. Hannes Peltonen, Senior Lecturer in International Politics at the University of Tampere, Finland, received his PhD from the European University Institute, Italy. He is Associate at the Centre for Advanced International Theory, University of Sussex, and the author of International Responsibility and Grave Humanitarian Crises (Routledge 2013) and a number of international peer-reviewed articles. Peltonen’s recent research has focused on global institutions, justice, and ethics as well as approaches to International Relations including constructivism and pragmatism.
Dr. Peltonen can be reached at

One recent development in the field of International Relations (IR) is the so-called pragmatic turn. But what is pragmatism?

November 25, 2015

What you will find here is a link to a video in which Dr. Peltonen speaks about the topic indicated in the title. If you have problems reading it here, just head to You Tube using the same URL.

November 25, 2015

This is a video and please use the URL given to see it on You Tube.

September 24, 2015

First published in The Statesman on 14th September, 2015

The Bihar elections for 243 Assembly seats will be held in five phases between 12 October and 5 November. The timing is crucial and religiously sensitive because the period coincides with several festivals - Durga Puja, Bakr-Eid, Dussehra, Muharram, Lakshmi Puja, Kali Puja, Diwali and Chatt. The risk of a minor incident escalating to large-scale mobilisation of communities cannot be ruled out. The electorate can be polarised in consequence.

September 24, 2015

First published in The Statesman on 30th August, 2015

Demographic data has always been used to arouse communal passions by right-wing organisations. The recent release of the 2011 census data on religion is not an exception. Like always, a host of right-wing activists have shown their obsession with numbers. They are trying to engineer a communal distaste over the decadal growth of the Muslim population by 24.6 per cent in 2011. The moral panic is further aggravated when the fall of Hindu population from the sacred 80.5 per cent i.e.